Working Notes, by Zach Tomaszewski
for ICS 699, Fall 2005, directed by Dr. Kim Binsted
- Action (whole; begin, mid, end); Character + Thought; Diction, Melody, Spectacle -> manner and mode.
- (Idea), Action, Characters
- Story Structure -> specific scenes; autonomous to scripted characters; avatar and animation/rendering
- Discourse (narrator, plot, POV) vs. Story (chronological events, characters, setting)
Four Elements/Domains of Narrative
AKA: Story events, drama manager, DM, GM, narrator, story structure, scenes, plot points, etc.
- General (A: whole action, F: Idea, G+B/P: structure/general functions) vs. specific instantiations (F: Action, G+B/P: specific scenes/particular instantiations). Thus, 2 internal levels?
- Story structures:
- navigating existing plot graph (early Oz - live action)
- generated linear path (Ala improv--determine next step)
- regenerated linear path (contingency planning preserving history)
- adversary search (collection of story nodes and evaluation function for permutation) (mid Oz? Mateas/Bates)
- PCs/avatars. Controlled by the interactor/user
- NPCs/agents. Spectrum: chatterboxes to goal-driven. Internal states (mind)/Body in world.
- Daemons (bodiless agents) -- weather, items, world manipulators
AKA: World, environment
- Modelling (what attributes exists?)
- Rules for engagement/interaction between objects/agents (methods/means)
- Ontology (reasoning about objects)
- Example: GiRDLe.
AKA: discourse, interface, narrator, rendering, spectacle
- Rendering the world (text, 3D, VRML/X3D, 2D, etc)
- Controls/interaction with user
- Narrator (optional): POV, changed over of narration of events, etc.
AKA: user, reader, audience, subject, human, player
- Each domain may have subsets, interface interpreters, internal daemons, etc. For instance, narrator in Presentation. Also, interpreter between story goals, character motivations, and specific agent actions.
Other Models to consider
- G+B's model: One is the input for the next--Story (general), Story (specific), Character, Rendering.
- Laurel/Mateas' pseudo-Aristotle: essentially G+B's, w/ control/interaction between characters.
- Oz's model (largely adopted here).
- User interacts through Presentation, controlling Avatar. Also sees world through Presentation (possibly filtered though a Narrator).
- Characters exist in the World (but have separate mental states). Affect each other through, and according to rules of, World.
- DM affects world though agents. [Always true, to the point of requiring invisible "god" or "spirit" agents to manipulate world?]