Practice manipulating strings in the context of creating a new computer system user account.
Concepts: Invoking methods, parameters, return values,
Textbook: 3.2, 3.5
Ask the user to enter their full name. Their name must contain at least two words (that is, one internal space), but may contain more. (Don't let tricky users get by you by starting or ending their name with a space. Consider using the
trim() method to prevent this.)
Print out the user's first name and their last name.
Then print out a username for the user. The username should be comprised of the first letter of their first name, and then up to 7 letters of their last name. (That is, a username cannot be longer than 8 characters, though it may be shorter.) The username should be all lowercase.
Then print out an initial password. This should be a word of your choice followed by three random digits. (Your word of choice may be part of the user's name, if you like.)
Each of the four outputs--first name, last name, username, and password--should be on their own line, clearly labeled. Labels should end in a ":" or "=".
A real user account creator would need to prevent names from containing tabs, punctuation, and other special characters. Since there is no easy String method to check for this sort of thing, you would need to use a loop to check that each character is acceptable. Since we have not covered loops yet, this is not required.
However, for those interested in attempting this for extra credit: your program should report an error if the name contains anything other than letters or spaces. (Hint: see the
Character class in the API, particularly the
For a new account, enter your full name: Superman
Sorry, but your full name must include at least two words.
For a new account, enter your full name: Clark Kent
First name: Clark
Last name: Kent
For a new account, enter your full name: Zach M Tomaszewski
First name: Zach
Last name: Tomaszewski
For a new account, enter your full name: p t barnum
First name: p
Last name: barnum
For a new account, enter your full name: Illegal. Chars@
Sorry, but your full name must contain only letters and spaces.
The last execution is an example of the extra credit checking for illegal characters. In all cases, I chose to use the user's first name (lowercased) for the first half of the password. You may choose to use a different word.
What to Submit
UsernameA08.java file to Tamarin.
Grading [5 points]
- 1 - Compiles
- Your program compiles successfully (no errors)
- 0.5 - Output formatting
- Print first name, last name, username, and password one per line, each labelled appropriately. Labels end in a = or : character. (Clarification (26 Sep 2009): Spaces before or after this character are allowed).
- 0.5 - Detects errors
- Reports an error if the given full name is not valid (such as contains less than 2 words).
- 1.2 - First and last name
- Correctly displays the first and last name; not thrown off by extra words, initial spaces, or trailing spaces.
- 1.3 - Username
- Composed of first letter of the first name, then up to seven letters of the lastname, all lowercased.
- 0.5 - Password
- Always includes one or more characters followed by 3 random digits.
- +2 - Prevents invalid characters
- Your program does not accept names containing any characters other than letters and spaces.
- Some of these String methods listed in the API are really confusing!
- Indeed, some of them use other classes (such as
CharSequence) and complicated features (such as regular expressions) that we won't even cover in this class. But you don't need to use all the methods. You only need to learn the methods we discussed in lab:
length, charAt, indexOf, lastIndexOf, substring, trim, toUpperCase, toLowercase. And you won't even need all of those to complete this particular assignment. (If you do find some other String methods you'd like to use that aren't in this list, though, feel free to do so.)
- How do get the first and last names?
- Since you don't know how many names the user will enter, you can't use
next(). (Well, you could if you used a loop, but this is actually more complicated and doesn't give you practice with String methods.) Instead, use
nextLine() to read in the full name. Trim the full name with
trim() to remove any spaces at the beginning or end of the string.
Now, the first name ends at the first space. The last name starts one
character after the last space. If you have only two words in the name, the
first space and the last space will actually be the same character, but not so if you have
more than two words.
So, find the position of the first space using
indexOf, and then take a
substring from the beginning of the string to that position. This substring is the first name. (If there is no space to be found, it means the user entered only one word, or even none at all. In this case,
indexOf will return -1 as the position of the first space.)
Then find the position of the last space and take a substring from one
more than this position to the end of the string. This substring is the
To do all this, you'll need to use these String methods:
substring, and (possibly)
- My program crashes if the last name is too short.
- Then you need to check the length of the last name before you try manipulating it. Use the
length method. If it's 7 or fewer characters long, you can just add the whole last name to the username; otherwise (else), you'll need to take a substring of only the first 7 characters.
- I'm having difficulty with the 3 digit random number.
- If you just create a random int between 0 and 999 (inclusive), then about 1/10 the time it won't be a 3 digit number. You can either create a number between 100 and 999 (a little less of a random range, but it is acceptable), or else generate each (0 - 9) digit separately, appending each as you go.